A high quality, high molecular weight DNA extraction method for PacBio HiFi genome sequencing of recalcitrant plants
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Abstract. BACKGROUND: PacBio HiFi sequencing provides highly accurate long-read sequencing datasets which are of great advantage for whole genome sequencing projects. One limitation of the method is the requirement for high quality, high molecular weight input DNA. This can be particularly challenging for plants that frequently contain common and species-specific secondary metabolites, which often interfere with downstream processes. Cape Primroses (genus Streptocarpus), are some of these recalcitrant plants and are selected here as material to develop a high quality, high molecular weight DNA extraction protocol for long read genome sequencing. RESULTS: We developed a DNA extraction method for PacBio HiFi sequencing for Streptocarpus grandis and Streptocarpus kentaniensis. A CTAB lysis buffer was employed to avoid guanidine, and the traditional chloroform and phenol purification steps were replaced with pre-lysis sample washes.Best cells/nucleus lysis was achieved with 4h at 58°C. The obtained high quality and high molecular weight DNAs were tested in PacBio SMRTBell library preparations, which resulted in circular consensus sequencing (CCS) reads from 17 to 27Gb per cell, and a read length N50 from 14 to 17kbp. To evaluate the quality of the reads for whole genome sequencing, they were assembled with HiFiasm into draft genomes, with N50=49Mb and 23Mb, and L50=10 and 11. The longest contigs were 95Mb and 57Mb respectively, showing good contiguity as these are longer than the theoretical chromosome length (genome size/chromosome number) of 78Mb and 55Mb, for S. grandis and S. kentaniensis respectively. CONCLUSIONS: DNA extraction is a critical step towards obtaining a complete genome assembly. Our DNA extraction method here provided the required high quality, high molecular weight DNA for successful standard-input PacBio HiFi library preparation. The contigs from those reads showed a high contiguity, providing a good starting draft assembly towards obtaining a complete genome. The results obtained here were highly promising, and demonstrated that the DNA extraction method developed here is compatible with PacBio HiFi sequencing and suitable for de novo whole genome sequencing projects of plants.
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